It is non-essential and conditionally essential amino acid, meaning the body can usually synthesize sufficient amounts of it, but in some instances of stress, the body’s demand for glutamine increases, and glutamine must be obtained from the diet. In blood, glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid. Glutamine helps skin cells function optimally for smooth, radiant, healthy-looking skin. Furthermore, Glutamine is scientifically proven to play an important role in the growth of fibroblast cells. Collagen is the protein that gives skin its youthful firmness, and it makes up 75% of our skin. As we age, the amount of collagen that we naturally produce begins to decline, and therefore, the breakdown of collagen and exposure of skin to damaging ultraviolet radiation from the sun leads to the formation of wrinkles and sagging skin. Glutamine helps to reverse these effects of aging by significantly increasing collagen production within the skin – reversing the effects of aging, restoring skin’s natural tone, and smoothing out the texture. Acetyl glutamine is an improved form of glutamine
Retinol (Vitamin A)
Regulates the processes of differentiation , proliferation and intercellular communication. When it get into a cell, it can make a bond with nuclear sensors. Thus, sections of the cell genome are activated or decelerated. Retinol provides minimal skin damage, a brief recovery period and a low probability of complications. Retinol can effectively cleanse the skin, has anti-inflamatory effects, makes skin glow, improves skin texture and structure, and provides a lifting effect.
Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)
Niacinamide (nicotinamide) comprises one of the two forms of Vitamin B3; niacin (or nicotinic acid) being the other, both of which provide equivalent vitamin activity. As an essential component of living cells, Vitamin B3 is essential for protein, carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Niacinamide is a precursor in the synthesis of the pyridine coenzymes NAD and NADP involved in cell metabolism, and as such play a key role in the production of energy. Key attributes:
• Upregulates Aquaporin-3 (AQP3) (in vitro)
• Enhances skin tone (in vitro)
• Helps improve the overall appearance of skin
• Improving skin texture
• Evening skin complexion
• May help to reduce the appearance of acne
• May help to revitalize hair to minimize hair fall and improve its overall appearance
Panthenol (Vitamin B5)
DL-Panthenol is the provitamin of DL-Pantothenic acid (Vitamin B5), which plays a key role in the human intermediary metabolism. Deficiency of Vitamin B5 can result in many dermatological disorders. DL-Panthenol is applied in almost all types of cosmetic preparations. It cares hair, skin and nails. It acts as a skin conditioning agent to provide deep penetrating moisture to the skin, stimulating epithelisation to provide wound healing and anti-inflammatory effects. It also functions as a hair conditioning agent to provide long lasting moisture to hair, preventing damage, thicken hair and improve luster and sheen. This product can also be used in nail care products to improve hydration and impart flexibility.
Folic acid (Vitamin B9)
Because folic acid helps to facilitate the development of healthy skin cells, it can help fight out premature aging, specifically wrinkles and fine lines. It has also been found to increase the production of collagen to give you firmer and more toned skin. Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, works like an antioxidant to promote cell turnover and fight free radical damage. Studies have also shown that when applied topically along with creatine, it fights signs of sun damage and aging, leading to firmer looking skin.
Et-Vitamin C is a multi-functional vitamin C derivative with excellent whitening, anti-oxidation, free radical- scavenging and collagen boosting effect. Its stability is superior to other ascorbic acid derivatives. It exhibits strong inhibition effect on melanogenesis, reduces dark spots and age spots, fights photoaging by interfering with inflammatory cytokines and reverse ROS production to achieve free radical scavenging purpose.
Tocopherol (Vitamin E )
Tocopherol is a form of Vitamin E typically derived from vegetable oils.T ocopherol is known as an antioxidant superhero that provides protection for skin. (This shouldn’t be terribly surprising, since tocopherols make up 96% of skin’s natural antioxidant defence system!). Studies show tocopherol: Absorbs UV rays and helps prevent UV-induced free radical damage to skin. Acts as an anti-inflammatory agent in skin. Helps moisturise. Helps reduce pollution-related free radical damage. There’s also preliminary evidence that it can help prevent scarring and reduce the signs of aging, too.